The Truth About Rubin "Hurricane" Carter
By Paul Mulshine
Rubin "Hurricane" Carter
For a comprehensive examination of the truth behind the real Hurricane Carter visit:
NEWARK, N.J. - The movie "The Hurricane" claims to be based on a true
story of a boxer's life. But, according to a woman named Carolyn Kelley, the
movie leaves out the one fight that truly revealed the nature of Rubin
"Hurricane" Carter: his one-punch knockout of her.
Mrs. Kelley, a 61-year-old from Newark, was working as a bail
bondswoman in 1975 when boxer Muhammad Ali asked her to get involved in the
effort to win a new trial for Mr. Carter, who claimed he had been framed in
a triple murder. She devoted more than a year to raising funds for Mr.
Carter. That effort was successful, and Mr. Carter's appeal was upheld.
In March 1976, Mr. Carter was released on bail to await a new trial.
Six weeks later, Mrs. Kelley says, the tough middleweight boxer beat her
into unconsciousness and left her lying on the floor of his hotel room.
In the months immediately after the beating, she says, she was
pressured by Mr. Carter not to reveal the whole story.
In interviews with Mrs. Kelley and her son, Michael, she describes how
she met Mr. Carter in Trenton State Prison. According to her, he described
in detail how he had been framed by the "racist" criminal justice
establishment of Passaic County, N.J. A part of his story was an assertion
that the police had pressured one of his key alibi witnesses, a boxer named
"Wild Bill" Hardney, to leave the state so he couldn't testify on Mr.
Mr. Hardney had gone to Maryland, Mr. Carter said. If only he could
find Mr. Hardney, his former sparring partner could testify that Mr. Carter
was somewhere else when the slayings occurred, she recalls Mr. Carter
Thanks in part to Mrs. Kelley's work as national director of his
defense fund - and a hit song by Bob Dylan - Mr. Carter was released on bail
on March 17, 1976, to await a second trial. Mrs. Kelley and Michael, then
24, became part of a triumphant Carter entourage that traveled to public
appearances and fund-raisers.
The Kelleys, who are Muslims and don't drink, noticed some disturbing
things about Mr. Carter. He drank large amounts of vodka, Mrs. Kelley said,
and when he drank, he became abusive. He had a short temper and ordered
Michael around like a servant.
But Carolyn Kelley still believed Mr. Carter had been framed, so she
reacted naively when, at an event prior to the Ali-Jimmy Young fight in
Landover, Md., a man called for Mr. Carter's attention.
"I heard this voice from across the room, saying, 'Hey, Rube, it's me,
"Wild Bill" Hardney,' " Mrs. Kelley recalls. "The name was burned in my
mind. He had told me for a year that this man could clear him. I said, 'Get
a statement from him. Get a statement from him. I'm a notary.' "
Instead, Mr. Carter recoiled and his expression changed in a way that
frightened her, she says. "You know how a snake is crawling on the ground
and suddenly half of his body is up in the air and his tongue is sticking
out, wiggling, wiggling, wiggling, and his eyes are closed almost shut?
"Here's a man he had said for years could prove he was innocent, and
he's backing up and hissing like a snake," she said.
The incident put her on guard, she says, but not enough. After she
returned to her hotel room, she had to phone Mr. Carter about a minor
discrepancy over who would pay for the room. She called him twice, she says,
and each time he cursed at her. She figured he didn't recognize her voice,
so she got in her car and drove across the complex to his room.
Mr. Carter opened the door and burst into maniacal laughter, she
recalls. Then he went to the bathroom and began gargling with Charlie
"Then it clicked: I had to get out of there. But there he was, between
me and the door," she said.
"I didn't see it coming," she says of the punch that floored her. "I
felt everything getting dark. I remember praying to Allah, 'Please help me,'
and apparently Allah rolled me over, and he kicked me in the back instead of
kicking my guts out. Allah saved my life."
Shortly thereafter, she says, her son was called to the room by other
members of the entourage. "My mother was lying on the floor near the door.
She was in a fetal position with her back to that door," he said.
The members of the security team suggested she had fallen, Mr. Kelley
recalls, "but there was nothing in the room where you might fall and hit
your back on, like a dresser."
He said Mr. Carter denied hitting her. Mr. Kelley took his mother to a
room and iced down the large lump on her cheek and the black eyes. The next
day, he put her on a plane back to Newark.
She collapsed when she got off the plane and had to be given oxygen by
flight attendants. She checked into a hospital and was in traction a month
later for her back injuries.
Rumors of the beating were starting to get out. Finally, Chuck Stone, a
columnist for the Philadelphia Daily News, broke the story of the beating in
a front-page article.
After Mr. Stone's column ran, the beating became a national story. Mr.
Carter's celebrity support melted away. Even worse for Mr. Carter, his
seeming paranoia about "Wild Bill" Hardney turned out not to be paranoia
At Mr. Carter's second trial, Mr. Hardney testified that Mr. Carter had
asked him to back up a false alibi that had him drinking at a bar called the
Nite Spot at the time of the killings. Three other Carter alibi witnesses
also testified that they had lied at the first trial.
Then there was the matter of the recantation of Alfred Bello, the
eyewitness who in the first trial testified that he had seen Mr. Carter
leaving the murder scene but who later said he had made up that story. At
the second trial, he recanted his recantation, saying he had been offered
money by people close to Mr. Carter.
The jury quickly convicted Mr. Carter and co-defendant John Artis once
again. The movie skips over these events, other than to state incorrectly
that the second trial was before an all-white jury.
Mr. Carter has given several versions of what happened that night with
Mrs. Kelley in his motel room. He said in his authorized biography that Mrs.
Kelley faked the beating because they were having an affair. He also told
WNEW-TV's Marvin Scott in June 1976 that Mrs. Kelley made up the story
because she wanted to blackmail him out of $250,000.
One problem for Mr. Carter: Her son's account is supported by the
records of her extensive injuries. A court also found that Mr. Carter beat
Mrs. Kelley. Passaic County Judge William Marchese held hearings on the
incident in July 1976 and changed the terms of Mr. Carter's bail after
determining that the assault had occurred.
Mrs. Kelley says she chose to speak out because she is appalled that
the national media are ignoring the facts of the case. She saw Mr. Carter on
the recent telecast of the Golden Globe awards lecturing the show-biz
audience on love.
"I sat there and my heart was beating out of my chest. I was in pain.
How dare you talk about love? You can't love anyone, even yourself," Mrs.
Mr. Carter was convicted by two juries, but had his conviction
overturned by a federal judge who had a reputation for being among the most
pro-defense judges in the nation.
The prosecutor could have tried him a third time if the case had not
been 22 years old at the time. So the jury is still out on just who killed
those three people on that night in 1966.
But Mrs. Kelley is no longer among those who believe Mr. Carter was
framed. "If he could do that to me, a woman who was no threat to him, then
he has erased in my mind any doubt that he could kill three or four innocent
people," she says.
Distributed by Universal Press Syndicate.